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  • 福建师范大学成人学士学位考试非英语专业公共课《英语》考试试题

    来源:自考生学位网_xuewei.zikaosw.cn 时间:2022-02-26 11:20:44 编辑:cll



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    Part I Grammar and Vocabulary (20%, 20 minutes)

    Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A). B). C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.

    1. I ________ a long pole in the centre of the field, and on top of it I hung the lamp.

    A) put up B) put on C) put out D) put up with

    2. We all ________ the achievements he has made in his experiments.

    A) admire B) advise C) adopt D) adjust

    3. If the test taker finds an item to which an answer is not known, it may be ________to leave it blank and go on with the test.

    A) valuable B) advisable C) considerable D) probable

    4. Though the long term ________cannot be predicted, the project has been approved by the committee.

    A) affect B) effort C) effect D) afford

    5. The teacher’s lecture on American history was three hours long, and Morris felt very ________.

    A) hurt B) bored C) disturbed D) neglected

    6. It’s surprising that this innocent-looking person should have ________such a crime.

    A) performed B) acted C) made D) committed

    7. Ted agreed to ________the strike if the company would satisfy the demand if the workers.

    A) call out B) call off C) call to D) call on

    8. Not long ago, John Smith, whom you know very well, was ________a car accident.

    A) related to B) involved in

    C) included in D) damaged by

    9. All particulars should be carefully checked. Nothing should be________.

    A) born in mind B) put up with

    C) taken for granted D) taken into consideration

    10. We’ve been ________ with that company for many years.

    A) comparing B) dealing C) keeping D) combining

    11. This multiple-choice test ________40 incomplete statements with several choices to complete them.

    A) is composed of B) consists in

    C) makes up D) sets out

    12. In the theatre the actors are very ________to the reaction of the audience.

    A) sensible B) sensitive

    C) emotional D) positive

    13. He wore dark glasses to avoid ________.

    A) having been recognized B) to be recognized

    C) recognized D) being recognized

    14. It ________around nine o’clock when I drove back home because it was already dark.

    A) had to be B) must have been

    C) was to be D) must be

    15. There was a teapot fashioned like a duck, out of ________ open mouth the tea was supposed to come.

    A) which B) its C) that D) whose

    16. ________ being used in industry, laser can be applied to operations in the hospital.

    A) Except for B) In addition to

    C) Out of D) In spite of

    17. ________ on a clear day, far from the city crowds, the mountains give him a sense of infinite peace.

    A) If walking B) Walking

    C) While walking D) When one is walking

    18. The Vikings are believed ________America.

    A) to have discovered B) to discover

    C) in discovering D) to have been discovered

    19. Husband and wife with a common duty to the country will find themselves ________closer together.

    A) been drawn B) to draw C) drawn D) drawing

    20. Prisons in some countries are short of staff, _______means each prison officer is overworked and underpaid.

    A) which B) this C) what D) it

    Part II Reading Comprehension (30%, 30minutes)

    Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the choice that best answers the question or completes the statement.

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

    Versailles is the site of the Palace of Versailles, one of the most storied buildings in the history of France. It was originally built as a hunting chateau by King Louis VIII in 1624. In 1669, King Louis XIV began searching for a grand site where he could conduct the affairs of France and control the government. He settled on the hunting palace and expanded it into the world’s largest palace. In addition, the King hoped to build a governmental center apart from Paris.

    The palace took 36,000 workers fifty years to build. The palace is spread out over 280 acres and can house 20,000 people! The palace features over 700 rooms and 67 staircases. There are dozens of unique rooms, features, gardens, and halls. One of the most renowned rooms of the Palace of Versailles is the Hall of Mirrors. Recently restored, the Hall of Mirrors is the centerpiece of the dazzling building. Originally added to the palace in 1684, the Hall of Mirrors was built to be a dazzling display of the power and wealth of the French Monarchy. The hall, which measures 73 meters in length features 357 gold-coated stucco mirrors, ornate paintings, crystal chandeliers, marble fixtures, a parquet floor, and ceilings with colorful murals painted by artist Charles Le Brun. The Hall of Mirrors has also played a prominent role in history. Both the proclamation of the German Empire in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended World War One were signed here.

    21. When was the Palace of Versailles originally built?

    A. In 1684. B. In 1624. C. In 1669. D. In 1786.

    22. Why did King Louis XIV want a grand palace?

    A. So he and his queen could retire comfortably.

    B. As a hunting chateau.

    C. As a place to conduct his nation's business.

    D. He wanted to impress his wife.

    23. Which of the following is NOT true?

    A. The Hall of Mirrors has been recently restored.

    B. The Hall of Mirrors is considered the centerpiece of the Palace of Versailles.

    C. The Hall of Mirrors features a parquet floor.

    D. Two major treaties were signed in the Hall of Mirrors.

    24. Which of the following is not mentioned as a feature of the Hall of Mirrors?

    A. Bronze moldings. B. Ornate paintings.

    C. Marble fixtures. D. Crystal chandeliers.

    25. Which of the following could be an appropriate title for this passage?

    A. Louis XIV and the Palace of Versailles.

    B. The ceilings of the Hall of Mirrors.

    C. The Amazing Palace of Versailles.

    D. A History of France.

    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage :

    “It hurts me more than you,” and “This is for your own good.” These are the statements my mother used to make years ago when I had to learn Latin, clean my room, stay home and do homework.

    That was before we entered the permissive period in education in which we decided it was all right not to push our children to achieve their best in school. The schools and the educators made it easy on us. They taught that it was all right to be parents who take a let-alone policy. We stopped making our children do homework. We gave them calculators, turned on the television, left the teaching to the teachers and went on vacation.

    Now teachers, faced with children who have been developing at their own pace for the past 15 years, are realizing we’ve made a terrible mistake. One such teacher is Sharon Klompus who says of her students of them, she believes. Television, says Klompus, contributes to children’s passivity. “We’re not training kids to work any more,” says Klompus. “We’re talking about a generation of kids who’ve never been hurt or hungry. They have learned somebody will always do it for them. Instead of saying ‘go look it up’, you tell them the answer. It takes greater energy to say no to a kid.”

    Yes, it does. It takes energy and it takes work. It’s time for parents to end their vacation and come back to work. It’s time to take the car away, to turn the TV off, to tell them it hurts you more than them but it’s for their own good. It’s time to start telling them no again.

    26. Children are becoming more inactive in study because ________.

    A) they watch TV too often

    B) they have done too much homework

    C) they have to fulfill too many duties

    D) teachers are too strict with them

    27. To such children as described in the passage ________.

    A) it is easier to say no than to say yes

    B) neither is easy – to say yes or to say no

    C) it is easier to say yes than to say no

    D) neither is difficult -- to say yes or say no

    28. We learn from the passage that the author’s mother used to lay emphasis on ________.

    A) learning Latin B) natural development

    C) discipline D) education at school

    29. By “permissive period in education” the author means a time ________.

    A) when children are allowed to do what they wish to

    B) when everything can be taught at school

    C) when every child can be educated

    D) when children are permitted to receive education

    30. The main idea of the passage is that ________.

    A) parents should leave their children alone

    B) kids should have more activities at school

    C) it’s time to be stricter with our kids

    D) parents should always set a good example to their kids

    Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

    Manners are very important in every country, but the trouble is that different countries have different ideas about what counts as polite behavior. What is good manners in one country may not be appropriate behavior in another. Chinese people may be shocked at what counts as good manners in England.

    When an Englishman passes a friend in the street he does not always stop to talk. He may just nod, say "hello" and pass on. If two friends do stop to talk, they do not shake hands. It is only at parties for young people (students, for instance) that a person could go up to someone he does not know and introduce himself. On more formal occasions or at parties run by older people a guest always waits to be introduced to someone he does not know by the host, hostess or another guest who he already knows. At even a formal dinner an Englishman does not wait for a toast before he has a drink. The English reserve toasts for very formal or very special occasions. In these cases the toast will usually be accompanied by a short speech, for example, at a wedding reception or at a party for somebody who is retiring. After a private dinner in someone's house an Englishman will only shake hands with the host and hostess if it is a fairly formal occasion, like a business dinner, and he will usually put his coat on and say goodbye as he leaves the house.

    Luckily, like Chinese people, the English usually excuse foreign students over matters of etiquette. But even so, perhaps the safest advice for the overseas student, no matter what country he is visiting, is to follow the old proverb: when in Rome, do as the Romans do.

    31. When an Englishman meets a friend in the street, he may ____________.

    A. stop to talk to his friend B. just nod and say “hello”

    C. shake hands with his friend D. just say goodbye

    32. What will a person do when he attends a party run by older people?

    A. Go up to a stranger and introduce himself.

    B. Ask his friend to introduce him to others.

    C. Give a speech in front of others to introduce himself.

    D. Wait to be introduced by the host / hostess.

    33. On which occasion will the English toast?

    A. A wedding reception. B. A dinner party.

    C. A speech. D. A meeting.

    34. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. Different countries have similar ideas about what good manners are.

    B. Chinese people seem to be more polite than English people.

    C. An Englishman will shake hands with the host after a private business dinner.

    D. The English usually can’t understand foreign students, impolite behaviors.

    35. Which of the following best explains the proverb: when in Rome, do as the Romans do.

    A. If you go to Rome, you must do things like the Romans.

    B. When you go to a foreign country, you should learn something about their manners.

    C. Romans always do the right thing, so you should follow them.

    D. Manners in Roman are as easy to follow as in other countries.

    Part III Cloze (10%, 10 minutes)

    Directions: There are a reading passages with ten blanks in this part. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the choice that best fill the blank and then choose the corresponding letter.

    The air surrounding us is important to everyone. Without air, we could not ___36____. Everyone understand that. But air is necessary in many other ways that are not always so ___37____ or widely known.

    For example, if we did not have air, there would be no sound. Sound travels through air. ___38___ there is no air, there is no sound. Without air, there would be no fire. There would be no automobiles, ___39___ motors need air in order to operate.

    Without air there would be no wind or clouds. There would be no __40___, as we know it. the night time would be very cold, the days very hot. we would be ___41___ to seek shelter from the sun, as here would be no atmosphere to protect us from the sun’s ___42___ rays.

    The atmosphere is all the air surrounding the ___43___. Atmosphere pressure is the weight of all that air against the surface of the earth. If we did not have ___44___ pressure, we could not have automobile tires. The tires would swell or burst if they did not have the pressure of the atmosphere ___45___ their surface.

    36. A. living B. lively C. exist D. alive

    37. A. obvious B. obviously C. clearly D. knowingly

    38. A. What B. Which C. Where D. Why

    39. A. however B. since C. but D. and

    40. A. air B. breeze c. weather D. climate

    41. A. forcing B. forceful C. force D. forced

    42. A. deadly B. dead C. dying D. death

    43. A. floor B. earth C. land D. ground

    44. A. the atmosphere B. atmosphere

    C. atmospheric D. atmospherics

    45. A. under B. above C. beneath D. against

    Part IV Translation (15%, 15 minutes)

    Read the following sentences carefully and translate the English into Chinese (46-47) or Chinese into English (48-50).

    46. Don't be in such a rush to get promoted either -- you have a long career life ahead of you to shoulder the heavy burden of being on top.

    47. While recognizing our achievements, we must be well aware that they still fall short of the expectations of the people and that there are still quite a few difficulties and problems on our way forward.

    48. 考虑到问题的严重性,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施。

    49. 最快乐的人们并不是因为他们拥有最好的一切,他们只是把一切当成最好。

    50. 只要不过量,对多数人来说即使是最枯燥的工作也比终日无所事事要好些。

    Part V Writing (25%, 30 minutes)

    51. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about What Would Happen If There Were No Power in three paragraphs. You are given the first sentence or part of the first sentence of each paragraph. Your composition should be no less than 120 words, not including the words given. You are expected to write neatly.

    What Would Happen If There Were No Power

    Ever since early this century, electricity has become an essential part of our modern life. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________






    (The End)



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