Part IV Reading Comprehension
Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:
Industrial pollution is not only a problem for the countries of Europe and North America. It is also an extremely serious problem in some developing countries. For these countries, economic growth is a very important goal. They want to attract new industries, and so they put few controls on industries which cause pollution.
Cubatao, an industrial town of 85,000 people in Brazil, is an example of the connection between industrial development and pollution. In 1954, Cubatao had no industry. Today it has more than twenty large factories, which produce many pollutants (污染物质). The people of the town are exposed to a large number of poisonous substances in their environment and the consequences of this exposure can be clearly seen. Birth defects are extremely common. Among children and adults, lung problems are sometimes twelve times more common in Cubatao than in other places.
It is true that Brazil, like many other countries, has laws against pollution, but these laws are not enforced strictly enough. It is cheaper for companies to ignore the laws and pay the fines than to buy the expensive equipment that will reduce the pollution. It is clear, therefore, that economic growth is more important to the government than the health of the workers. However, the responsibility does not completely lie with the Brazilian government. The example of Cubatao shows that international companies are not acting in a responsible way, either. A number of the factories in the town are owned by large companies from France, Italy, and the U.S. They are doing things in Brazil that they would not be able to do at home. If they caused the same amount of pollution at home, they would be severely punished or even put out of business.
61. Why don’t developing countries have strict pollution controls?
A、Because the new industries they want to attract do not cause much pollution.
B、Because pollution is not a serious problem for developing countries.
C、Because they fail to realize that the balance of nature will be disturbed by some pollutants.
D、Because if developing countries put stricter controls on industry, fewer companies would build new plants there.
62. What is the author’s purpose in mentioning Cubatao?
A、To show that industrial development can progress very quickly in developing countries.
B、To show that the pollution problem in Brazil is extremely serious.
C、To show that industrial growth causes pollution problems for developing countries.
D、To show that pollution is threatening the lives of many people and the whole economy of Brazil
63. Why do some foreign companies like to set up their plants in Brazil?
A、Because the investment environment in Brazil is suitable for them.
B、Because they will not be severely punished if they cause pollution in Brzail.
C、Because they can make a big profit as the labour cost in Brazil is relatively low.
D、Because they can act in an irresponsible way in Brazil because there are no pollution laws there.
64. The work “enforced” (L. 2, Para. 3) could best be replaced by which of the following?
65. What can we conclude from the passage?
A、In Brazil, companies which ignore pollution laws have to pay fines.
B、The Brazilian government pays great attention to the health of workers.
C、Many foreign companies are out of business in Brazil for their pollution.
D、Most international companies act responsibly in Brazil.
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:
In 1947 Angela Mortimer was captain of the team which won the Plymouth Interschools’ Championship. From the moment she stepped forward to receive the silver cup, she was determined to become a Wimbledon Champion.
Encouraged by her school championship success, Angela decided that she should have proper coaching. She heard that there was a good tennis coach at Torquay, a Mr. Roberts, who was prepared to give free tennis lessons to promising youngsters under twelve years of age and living in the Torquay area. The fact that Angela was over fifteen did not stop her. One Saturday, she made the forty-mile journey from Plymouth to Torquay and introduced herself to Mr. Roberts. Author Roberts was not impressed. He played a few shots to Angela and then told her directly that she knew nothing about the game and was too old to learn. He also reminded her that she lived in Plymouth, which could hardly be considered in the Torquay area.
If Arthur Robert thought he had got rid of Angela, he was very much mistaken. For her part Angela had been greatly impressed by Mr. Roberts. She made up her mind that she was not too old to learn tennis and that Arthur Robert was the man to teach her. However, her school certificate examination was appearing ahead and she was determined to work ahead. Although the headmaster wanted her to stay on at school for another year before taking her examination, Anthur begged to be allowed to sit. She surprised everyone by passing with credit in five subjects.
Angela then had a stroke of luck. She managed to persuade her family to move nearer to Torquay. Despite what had taken place at their last meeting, Angela properly presented herself to Arthur Roberts and asked him for free coaching. Arthur’s welcome was not a warm one. His time was fully occupied in coaching some promising young player. However, he had to admire Angela. Whatever else she lacked, she was obviously a girl of courage and determination. Arthur liked these qualities in a pupil. “You can play against the wall,” he said, “and if you improve I might help you.”
Angela’s heart leapt with joy. “I’ll show him,” she said to herself. “I will certainly show him.”
66. According to the passage, Arthur Roberts _____.
A、was a good tennis coach from Plymouth
B、taught tennis to anybody who could play
C、promised to give free tennis lessons to all school children in Torquay
D、gave free lessons to young children who he thought would one day be good players
67. What is TRUE about Angela’s first meeting with Mr. Roberts?
A、Roberts told Angela that he couldn’t help her unless she moved to Torquay.
B、Mr. Roberts refused to coach Angela for three reasons.
C、Angela was told to come and see Mr. Roberts when she graduated from school.
D、Angela was unimpressed by Mr. Roberts when she first met him.
68. According to the passage, Angela’s headmaster ______.
A、wanted Angela to take her examination early
B、allowed Angela to take her examination a year earlier
C、forced Angela to take her examination a year later
D、wanted Angela to stay on at school after her examination
69. Why did Angela’s parents move away from Plymouth?
A、Because Plymouth was too far from Wimbledon.
B、Because Angela wanted to move closer to Mr. Roberts.
C、Because Angela was asked by Mr. Roberts to do so.
D、Because they would send Angela to a better school there.
70. What can we infer from this passage about Mr. Roberts?
A、He believed Angela could improve by playing against the wall.
B、He thought Angela lacked courage and determination.
C、He would possibly help Angela later.
D、He was too busy to coach Angela.
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
All over the world, telecommunications companies are thinking wireless. They are spending billions of dollars building transmission towers (发射塔), launching satellites and developing low-cost hand-held phones, all with the goal of ending the century and a half old dominance (主宰) of the wire.
Since telegraph service began in 1844, most two-way communications have been not person- to-person but place-to-place. If two people aren’t in the spots that the wire links, they don’t connect.
Now, with advances in microelectronics and satellite technology, companies are producing systems that seek out people wherever they are, keeping them in touch. The services are coming into use rapidly in the United Sates, Europe and growing economies of East Asia.
Mobile phones are the most dramatic example to date. The number in use in the United Sates passed the 25 million mark last month, with no end to the growth in sigh. In little more than a decade, the mobile phone has developed from expensive business tool and status symbol to something used by roughly one in 10 Americans.
Not everyone welcomes the change. Wireless phones are showing up in churches, courtrooms and airplanes, places where the noise of the outside world was once shut out. Nevertheless, there is no stopping the technology’s advance.
“It’s coming down to the lower-income levels,” said Tom Ross of MTA-EMCI, a Washington-based telecommunications company. “It’s slowly becoming a necessity of life.”
Now authorities in many countries are clearing up new space on the radio spectrum (无线电频谱) for a new collection of wireless services. They are known as personal communications service, or PCS. In its simplest form, PCS is just another name for pocket phones. But companies are preparing a wide variety of “smart networks” and data services that will do things that ordinary mobile phones can’t.
71. The word “spots” (L.2, Para.2) is closest in meaning to _____.
72. Mobile phones are mentioned as an example of _____.
A、something that not everyone likes
B、something that not everyone can afford
C、the use of the fast-developing wireless systems
D、the rise in people’s living standards in America and Europe
73. Which of the following is true according to Tom Ross?
A、Mobile phones should not be used in churches.
B、Ordinary American consumers can afford mobile phones.
C、The mobile phone is regarded as a symbol of wealth.
D、Few Americans find it necessary to have a mobile phone.
74. The word “They” (L.2, Para.7) refers to _____.
75. The main point discussed in the passage is _____.
A、the fast development of wireless communications
B、new developments in the world’s smart networks
C、disagreements over the development of the telecommunications industry
D、new advances in American microelectronics
Part IV Reading Comprehension
your answers: 61. 62. 63. 64. 65.
keys: 61. D 62. C 63. B 64. A 65. A
your answers: 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.
keys: 66. D 67. B 68. B 69. B 70. C
your answers: 71. 72. 73. 74. 75.
keys: 71. C 72. C 73. B 74. D 75. A
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