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  • 2011年11月湖南成人学位英语考试真题试卷(阅读理解)

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    2011年11月湖南成人学位英语考试真题试卷(阅读理解)

    PART II Reading Comprehension (40 points )


    Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.


    Passage one


    Plastic bags are fast choking our planet. They are expensive for not only consumers but also the environment; the need of the hour is therefore( to come up with) eco-friendly bags.


    Environment friendly bags are the latest and most fashionable to bit the market. Environment friendly people want to be associated and seen with natural fiber bags. Multicolored patch work bags and printed bags are everyone’s favorite. Most eco-friendly bags are made of cotton. These bags are very comfortable and elegant. They are not only attractive but also long lasting.


    A cotton bag is a simple and stylish way to eliminate waste and make a fashion statement. Cotton bags with unique patterns and designs are simple and stylish to carry around. Cotton fiber is soft-touch and most comfortable. Finishing processes of cotton are numerous, reflecting today’s tremendous range and combination of colors and special qualities. The bags are reusable and represent a sustainable alternative to traditional materials.


    Introducing this exciting new message of environmental sustainability is Kariwala Green Bags, which makes a vast range of environment friendly bags. Its cotton bags are simple yet elegant. The collection is suit all needs and situations: beach bags, wine bottle bags, shopping and gift bags, promotional bags, and fashion bags.


    The company, with its special emphasis on quality, has taken steps to carry the environmental message to the world ready to embrace a brighter ecological future. With its strong presence in over 42 countries worldwide, the company has transformed the simplest cotton bags into a (revolution) in the Western world.


    Be the one to make a resolution to reduce the strain on Mother Nature and look good in the process. To make the earth a better place to live in and to know more about long-lasting and fashionable eco-friendly bags, please visit http://www.kariwala.com.


    16. The phrase “to come up with” (Paragraph 1) means “___________”.


    A. to replace


    B. to purchase


    C. to produce


    D. to ban


    17. Cotton bags are becoming popular because they are__________.


    A. strong and easy to keep


    B. less costly and washable


    C. eco-friendly and fashionable


    D. light and convenient to carry


    18. Kariwala is probably__________.


    A. a new material for making bags


    B. a manufacturer of bags


    C. the name of a bag store.


    D. an advertising agency


    19. By “revolution” (Paragraph 5), the author probably refers to the__________.


    A. great reduction of white pollution


    B. a brand new style of bag design


    C. a new way to promote cotton bags


    D. widespread use of eco-friendly bags


    20. The primary purpose of the author is to __________.


    A. promote Kariwala cotton bags


    B. advocate the advantages of cotton bags


    C. highlight the importance of bag designs


    D. persuade people to follow the fashion


    Passage Two


    A review of more than 160 studies of human subjects has found “clear and compelling evidence” that---all else being equal ---happy people tend to live longer and experience better health than their unhappy peers.


    The study is the most comprehensive review so far of the evidence linking happiness to health. Its lead author ED Diener analyzed long-term studies of human subjects, experimental human trials, and studies that evaluate the health status of people stressed by natural events.


    “We reviewed eight different types of studies,” Diener said. “And the general conclusion from each type of study is that your subjective well-being---that is, feeling positive about your life, not stressed out, not depressed---contributes to both long life and better health among healthy populations.”


    A study that followed nearly 5,000 university students for more than 40 years, for example, found that those who were most pessimistic as students tended to die younger than their peers. An even longer-term study that followed 180 Catholic nuns from early adulthood to old age found that those who wrote positive accounts of their lives in their early 20s tended to live longer than those who wrote more negative ones.


    There were a few exceptions, but most of long-term studies the researchers reviewed found that anxiety, depression, a lack of enjoyment of daily activities and pessimism are all associated with higher rates of disease and a shorter life.


    While happiness might not by itself prevent or cure disease, posive emotions and enjoyment of life do contribute to better health and a longer life, Diener said.


    “(Happiness is no magic bullet,)” he said. “But the evidence is clear and compelling that it changes your chances of getting disease or dying young.”


    21. The word “compelling” (Paragraph 1) means “___________”.


    A. direct


    B. convincing


    C. adequate


    D. conclusive


    22. According to Paragraph 2, Ed Diener __________ .


    A. studied the health conditions of the subjects B. conducted experimental human trials


    C. made long-term studies of human subjects D. review other researchers’ studies


    23. According to the studies on university students and Catholic nuns, who are more likely to live longer?


    A. Well-educated people.


    B. Optimistic people.


    C. Open-minded people.


    D. Religious people.


    24. What is NOT mentioned as relevant to a shorter life?


    A. Depression and anxiety.


    B. Lack of enjoyment.


    C. Constant lack of sleep.


    D. Stress and pessimism.


    25. By saying that “Happiness is no magic bullet” (Paragraph 7), Diener means that happiness __________.


    A. is not ever lasting


    B. is not easy to obtain


    C. is not a good treatment of diseases


    D. is not a guarantee of health and long life


    Passage Three


    Cold weather has a great effect on how our minds and our bodies work. Maybe that is why there are so many expressions that use the word “cold”. For centuries the body’s blood has been linked closely with emotions. People who show no human emotions or feelings, for example, are said to be cold blooded.


    Cold-blooded people act in cruel ways. They may do brutal things to others and not by accident. For example, a newspaper says the police are searching for a cold-blooded killer. The killer murdered someone not in self-defense or because he was reacting to anger or fear. He seemed to kill for no reason and with no emotion as if taking someone’s life meant nothing.


    Cold can affect other parts of the body, the feet, for example. Heavy socks can warm your feet if your feet are really cold. But there is an expression “to get cold feet” that has nothing to do with cold or your feet. The expression means being afraid to do something you have decided to do. For example, you agreed to be president of an organization, but then you learned that all the other officers have resigned. All the work of the organization will be your responsibility. You are likely to get cold feet about being president when you understand the situation.


    A cold fish is not a fish. It is a person. But it is a person who is unfriendly, unemotional and shows no love or warmth. A cold fish does not offer much of himself to anyone else. Someone who is a cold fish does not offer much of himself to anyone else. Someone who is a cold fish could be cold hearted. Now a cold-hearted person is someone who has no sympathy. Several popular songs in recent years were about cold-hearted men or cold-hearted women who without feeling broke the hearts of their lovers.


    “Out in the cold” means not getting something that everybody else has got. A person might say that everybody but him got a pay raise that he was left out in the cold and it is not a pleasant place to be in.


    26. The focus of the passage is __________ .


    A. the meanings of expressions with “cold”


    B. the influence of cold weather on our mind and body


    C. why people are unhappy with cold weather


    D. how some people become cold blooded


    27. A cold-blooded killer may take the life of another person __________.


    A. by accident


    B. for no reason


    C. out of fear


    D. in self-defense


    28. If a person “gets cold feet”, he or she may feel a little __________.


    A. angry


    B. puzzled


    C. disappointed


    D. frightened


    29. A cold fish is a person who __________.


    A. is indifferent to others’ sufferings


    B. tends to turn down others’ help


    C. remains cool in emergency


    D. prefers to stay all alone


    30. Which of the following expressions may mean “unlucky”?


    A. Cold face.


    B. Cold feet.


    C. Cold heart.


    D. Out in the cold.


    Passage Four


    The New York Times has reported on a problem that many of us have but are not aware of—Internet addiction. According to reporter Tara Parker-Pope, millions of us are addicted to being online. She says this is a growing problem that is making us more forgetful and impatient. Ms Parker-Pope writes about various reports highlighting how technology is changing people. In one, she quotes cyber-psychologist Dr. Elias Aboujaode who says: “More and more, life is resembling the chat room.” He said we are living in “virtual lifestyles”, which is negatively affecting our real-life relationships. Nicki Dowling, a clinical psychologist from Melbourne University in Australia, concluded in a recent study that ten per cent of young people had what she called “Internet dependence”.


    Tara Parker-Pope quizzed experts in this field on what the signs of being overly absorbed in technology are. She came up with seven signs of “(tech overload)”. The first is whether you check your e-mail before doing other things. Another sign is if you always look forward to your next online visit — a sure sign of dependence and addiction. The third point is if you say, “just a few more minutes” when someone wants you. Parker-Pope found one’s communication with others also says a lot about how important the Internet is compared with family and friends; do you lie about how much time you spend online or choose to surf the Internet instead of going out with others? Other indicators include the “online lift” that stops you being unhappy, and others’ complaints about you always being online.


    31. Which of the following can be the title of this passage?


    A. Internet Addiction


    B. Virtual Lifestyles


    C. Indicators of Net Dependence


    D. Importance of the Internet


    32. According to Tara Parker-Pope, millions of people __________.


    A. have realized the problem of Internet addiction


    B. cannot get rid of their habit of staying online


    C. have become more patient and careful online


    D. welcome the changes brought about by technology


    33. What does Dr. Elias Aboujaode think of the virtual lifestyles that we are living in?


    A. They make people eager to talk to each other.


    B. They make people more dependent on the Internet.


    C. They have a negative effect on real-life relationships.


    D. They get more people interested in online studies.


    34. Which of the following is NOT a sign of Internet addiction?


    A. Checking e-mail before doing anything else.


    B. Expecting all the time the next online visit.


    C. Surfing the Net instead of going out with others.


    D. Arriving late for important appointments.


    35. What does “tech overload” (Paragraph 2) mean in the passage?


    A. Over-absorption in the Internet.


    B. Over-dependence on e-mail.


    C. Over-interest in technology.


    D. Over-interaction with friends.


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