Reading comprehension：Passage 1
Since its founding in 1948, McDonald's has grown from a family burger (汉堡包) stand to a
global fast-food chain, with more than 30,000 locations in 118 countries.
With 58 million daily customers worldwide, McDonald’s is now so ubiquitous around the
globe that The Economist publishes a global ranking of currencies' purchasing power based on the
prices charged at the local McDonald’s, called the Big Mac Index (巨无霸指数).That’s not to say
that every nation carries the same menu items: choices vary widely depending on location. Some
Asian locations serve fried shrimp in a Big Mac roll, while McDonald’s in India doesn’t serve beef
at all, relying instead on burgers made from vegetables, rice and beans.
Not everyone in the world has been happy to greet Ronald McDonald when he moves to town.
Many see McDonald's as a symbol of American economic and cultural chauvinism (沙文主义), and
European nations in particular have viewed American-style fast food as an insult to their national
food. A French farmer, Jose Bove, became something of a national hero in 1999 after he and a group
of people destroyed a McDonald's under construction to protest globalization and "bad food." The
next year, a bomb exploded in a French McDonald’s, killing a 27-year-old employee. (76) (76)No
one claimed responsibility.
But regardless of whether you like their food or their policies, McDonald’s is still widely seen
as one of the true pioneers of peaceful globalization.
1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE.
A. McDonald's was founded in 1948.
B. McDonald’s has opened its restaurants in every city of the world.
C. McDonald’s has over 30,000 locations in the world now.
D. McDonald’s was very small in scale in the beginning.
2. The word ubiquitous in Paragraph 2 is most likely to mean ____.
A. very crowded B. very dean
C. existing everywhere D. occurring frequently
3. From Paragraph 2, we can conclude that ____.
A. McDonald’s designs its menu to suit the local people
B. millions of young adults got their first job with McDonald’s
C. the McDonald’s menu sticks to old-fashioned favorites such as the Big Mac
D. the low prices McDonald’s bring tens of millions of people through its doors every day
4. What did Jose Bove and his people do in 1999 to protest against McDonald's?
A. They organized a strike.
B. They protested outside a McDonald’s.
C. They refused to go to a newly-built McDonald’s.
D. They destroyed a McDonald’s under construction.
5. In ____, an employee died in a fatal bomb attack on a McDonald’s restaurant in France.
A. 1998 B. 1999 C. 2000 D. 2001
Jim Thorpe was a Native American. He was born in 1888 in an Indian Territory（印第安人保
护区）that is now Oklahoma. Like most Native American children then, he liked to fish, hunt, swim,
and play games outdoors. (76)He was healthy and strong, but he had very little formal education. In
1950, Jim Thorpe was named the greatest American football player. He was also an Olympic gold
medal winner. But Thorpe had many tragedies in his life.
Jim had a twin brother who died when he was nine years old. By the time he was 16, his
mother and father were also dead. Jim then went to a special school in Pennsylvania for Native
American children. There, he learned to read and write and also began to play sports. Jim was poor,
so he left school for two years to earn some money. During this time, he played on a baseball team.
(77) The team paid him only $15 a week. Soon he returned to school to complete his education. Jim
was a star athlete(运动员) in several sports, including baseball, running and football. He won many
awards for his athletic ability, mainly for football. In many games, he scored all or most of the
points for his team.
In 1912, when Jim Thorpe was 24 years old, he became part of the U. S Olympic team. He
competed in two very difficult events: the pentathlon and the decathlon. Both require great ability
and strength. The pentathlon has five track and field events, including the long jump and the
1,500-meter race. The decathlon hasten track and field and filed events, with running, jumping, and
People thought it was impossible for an athlete to compete in both the pentathlon and the
decathlon. So everyone was surprised when Thorpe won gold medals in both events. When the King
of Sweden presented Thorpe with his two gold medals, he said, “Sir, you are the greatest athlete in
the world.” Thorpe was a simple and honest man. He just answered, “Thanks, King.”
6. From the passage we learn that Jim Thorpe was born in ______.
A. India B. Pennsylvania C. Oklahoma D. Sweden
7. According to the passage, most American Indian children loved all the following EXCEPT _____.
A. fishing B. hunting C. swimming D. singing
8. Jim Thorpe started to play sports _____.
A. before he was nine years old. B. when he was 16 years old
C. when he was 24 years old D. before his parents passed away
9. The word decathlon in paragraph 3 probably means _______.
A. jumping B. five track and field events
C. throwing D. ten track and field events
10. Which of the flowing is NOT TRUE?
A. In 1912, Thorpe went back to finish his college education.
B. Thorpe won two gold medals in the 1912 Olympic Games.
C. Thorpe once played on a baseball team for money.
D. In 1950, Thorpe was named the greatest American football player.
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